Russian cyberespionage operation Nomadic Octopus, also known as DustSquad, has launched a new intelligence-driven Paperbug surveillance attack campaign aimed at Tajikistan's public service entities, telecommunications providers, and government officials, reports The Hacker News.
Attacks by Nomadic Octopus commenced with the compromise of a telecommunications firm's network, which was then followed by the targeting of more than 12 government networks and operational technology devices with known security flaws, according to a PRODAFT report. Operation Paperbug also involved the use of an updated Octopus malware variant with screenshot capturing, remote command execution, and file upload and download capabilities.
While Nomadic Octopus has already compromised 499 systems since January 2022, the group has been noted by researchers to lack advanced toolsets and did not mind their activity being seen.
"This imbalance between the operator skills and importance of the mission might indicate that the operators have been recruited by some entity which provided them a list of commands that need to be executed on each machine exactly. The operator follows a checklist and is forced to stick to it," said researchers.
Golden Chickens malware developer unmasked SecurityWeek reports that Golden Chickens malware, which has been used by the Russian Cobalt Group and FIN6 cybercrime operations, had its second developer identified by eSentire to be a Romanian named Jack, also known as Lucky and badbullzvenom. Password stealers were Jack's main specialty when he began engaging in cybercrime as a teen, releasing the Voyer malware tool for exfiltrating Yahoo instant messages between 2007 and 2008, followed by the FlyCatcher tool for keystroke logging between 2008 and 2009, and the Con password stealer for browser, instant messenger, VPN, and FTP app credential theft in 2010, according to the eSentire report. Jack was noted by researchers to have met with Golden Chickens co-developer 'Chuck from Montreal' in the dark web from late 2012 to October 2013, before proceeding to release Multiplier and VenomKit in 2015 and 2017, respectively, which were later consolidated into Golden Chickens. "Security experts assert that in 2017 the Cobalt Group used badbullzvenoms (aka: Lucky) VenomKit to deploy Cobalt Strike in attacks on banks and then they used it again in 2018," said eSentire, which noted that the malware suite was leveraged by FIN6 in 2019, the same year when the suite included the PureLocker ransomware plugin.
Open source password manager KeePass is being impacted by a security flaw, tracked as CVE-2023-32784, which could be exploited to facilitate master password retrieval from program memory, SecurityWeek reports. "The memory dump can be a KeePass process dump, swap file (pagefile.sys), hibernation file (hiberfil.sys), or RAM dump of the entire system.
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