Dr. Cline has more than 25 years of experience in information systems—10 years of which were in information systems security management and engineering in the US Department of Defense (DoD) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He has participated in security and risk panels at SecureWorld, Techno Security and Techno Forensics, spoken at the DoD Cyber Crime Conference and SecureWorld, and published articles in peer-reviewed journals and proceedings such as the Information Systems Control Journal and International Council on Systems Engineering and IEEE Computer Society symposia.