The "two extremely critical security fixes" close off parameter parsing flaws present in all versions of Ruby on Rails which allows attackers to bypass authentication and execute arbitrary code in Rails apps.
"There are multiple weaknesses in the parameter parsing code for Ruby on Rails, which allows attackers to bypass authentication systems, inject arbitrary SQL, inject and execute arbitrary code, or perform a DoS attack on a Rails application," an advisory stated. "Due to the critical nature of this vulnerability, and the fact that portions of it have been disclosed publicly, all users running an affected release should either upgrade or use one of the workarounds immediately."
Attackers could take advantage of code that supported certain unsuitable conversions, the maintainers said.
"The parameter parsing code of Ruby on Rails allows applications to automatically cast values from strings to certain data types. Unfortunately the type casting code supported certain conversions which were not suitable for performing on user-provided data including creating Symbols and parsing YAML. These unsuitable conversions can be used by an attacker to compromise a Rails application."
Users could disable this conversion or XML as a workaround, but should upgrade if possible.
Popular e-commerce application Spree, which uses Rails, applied the fix hours ago.
The update followed a fix pushed out last week for a SQL injection vulnerability located in Rails' Active Record database query interface.
This story originally appeared on SCMagazine.com.au.