NATO has been sought by U.S. Ambassador at Large for Cyberspace and Digital Policy Nathaniel Fick to bolster its response to cybersecurity incidents amid adversaries' continued exploitation of varying views of members on the need for collective military action against cyberattacks, according to The Record, a news site by cybersecurity firm Recorded Future. The inadequate clarity of NATO's cyber response policies is empowering adversaries to launch advanced attacks in the digital space that they would not conduct through kinetic means, said Fick at the RSA 2023 Conference. "I think the implicit assumption is that we need to extend the full power of deterrence into the digital world, using not only cyber means but every ounce of economic, informational, and diplomatic means necessary," said Fick. Meanwhile, cyberattacks have been noted by Nathalie Jaarsma, the Netherlands ambassador at-large for security policy and cyber, to be under the threshold for the activation of Article 5 but some countries have been advancing that its use be triggered with "an accumulation" of attacks.