Kaspersky regrets hack but determines no data was leaked
"Yes, this is not good," Roel Schouwenberg, Kaspersky's senior anti-virus researcher, said on a conference call Monday with reporters. "This is not good for any company, especially for a company dealing with security. We are now doing everything within our power to do the forensics on this case."
A Romanian hacker using the nickname "Unu" claimed responsibility for the attack, which leveraged SQL injection to exploit a vulnerability in the site's code that enabled the hackers to view a list of database tables.
The intruders, however, did not access or leak any data. But Schouwenberg said a more sophisticated hacker could have accessed 2,500 customer email addresses and 25,000 product activation codes that were residing on the server.
The incident affected http://usa.kaspersky.com/support, a new part of the Kaspersky website that officially was launched Jan. 29 and had been live 10 days prior to the breach, Schouwenberg said. The support site was built by a third-party code developer.
Kaspersky learned of the attack at noon Saturday, and 15 minutes later took down the new site and replaced it with the older version, which is still operating, according to the company.
"We fell victim because something went wrong in our internal code reviewing process," Schouwenberg said. "Obviously, we are not happy about that and we are in the process of making the review process stricter than it currently is."
The company has hired David Litchfield, considered a leading expert on database security, to conduct a forensic exam. Kaspersky plans to release the results of the study as soon as they are available.
What is not surprising is how the hackers got in. Last year, SQL injection, related to improper validation of user input that allows hackers to run queries on a database, became the most common web-application vulnerability, according to IBM-ISS' annual X-Force Trend and Risk Report.
Matt Wood, senior security researcher at Hewlett-Packard's web security research group, said the support site appears to have not been properly vetted prior to going live.
"Any time you roll out any kind of new code, it's likely to have some kind of problem in it," he told SCMagazineUS.com on Monday.
Wood said it appears the Kaspersky support site wrongly allowed privileged access.
"There's no reason your support site needs to have access to mission-critical data on the database," he said. "That's Security 101."
Companies such as Kaspersky -- which is headquartered in Moscow, but has offices in Woburn, Mass. -- must have a comprehensive process in place to validate the security of new code, especially code developed by third parties.
"There's a lot of stuff you can do to protect against this sort of thing that it sounds like they didn't adhere to," Wood said.
The same Romanian hacker also claimed responsibility for gaining access to the Portuguese website of security firm BitDefender. But a company spokeswoman said BitDefender was not impacted.
"A partner site was compromised, and we are working to investigate exactly what happened so we can help our partner prevent this from happening again," the spokeswoman told SCMagazineUS.com on Monday.