Cyber threats just won’t stop. Consultant Mckinsey characterizes the cyber threat landscape as having "still widespread uncertainty about what to do." Their report cites the federal government as declaring it “one of the most serious economic and national security challenges we face as a nation.” What’s a CSO, CIO—or for that matter, any digital enterprise—to do, given the grave outlook from none other than our own government?
This prevailing risk of cybersecurity has prompted the need for a new genre of IT professionals: threat hunters. These professionals actively seek threats to an enterprise network and framework and rids them from your IT operations. That’s the modus operandi of a threat hunter. It’s a unique approach for information security, a discipline that never stops working to find these technical vulnerabilities and compromises and deter their effects.
Cyber risk is patently overwhelming. In spite of complex and often expensive automated tools that detect and identify malware and other threats, there’s still a cloud of uncertainty as to where threats lurk. They enter in Internet of Things (IoT) networks, via bots, phishing emails, and so many other disguised pathways. It’s a top-of-the-list priority for network security professionals, paving the way for every enterprise to learn and engage in threat hunting.
In their report, “Digital and Risk: A New Posture for Cyber Risk in a Networked World,” Mckinsey cites their own research from a survey that found "75 percent of experts consider cybersecurity to be a top priority for their businesses. The bad news is that executives are overwhelmed by the challenge. Only 16 percent say their companies are well prepared to deal with cyber risk." Threat hunting is, purportedly, an attempt to reverse such a condition.
Rob Lee is a full-fledged threat hunter. Based in the Boston, Massachusetts area, the author, consultant, and SANS Faculty Fellow has chalked up more than 18 years of experience in disciplines related to this vocation. Lee provided insight into this profession in an interview with CSO magazine. He told CSO columnist Roger Grimes that threat hunting is a critical skill that requires prerequisite skills in other areas such as basic security analysis, knowledge of security operations, and other intelligence capabilities.
Said Lee, "To become a threat hunter, one must first work as a security analyst and likely graduate into IR and cyber threat intelligence fields. Combined with a bit of knowledge of attacker methodology and tactics, threat hunting becomes a very coveted skill. Threat hunting is one of the most advanced skillsets one could obtain in information security today. The core skills of a threat hunter include security operations and analytics, IR and remediation, attacker methodology, and cyber threat intelligence capabilities. Combined, a hunter is the special operations team of an organization’s defensive and detection capabilities.”
While there are many threat-hunting tools, the InfoSec Institute outlined some notable ones:
Numerous other tools are also available. This is just a subset of the many that outlined by the InfoSec Institute. They are the currency, if you like, of threat analysis; any enterprise that seeks to bolster its threat hunting should try these and other tools to build their arsenal of defense.
Network protection platform provider Bricata describes threat hunting as an answer to the prevailing glut of cyber threats that cause damage to the enterprise and its many users. Specifically, what's needed is to find those that aren't so easy to detect.
In their daily blog, Kaspersky Labs noted that threat hunting was a "hot" topic at RSA 2018. They say that threat hunting is just plain necessary (though there's not a uniform understanding of what it actually includes).
"Experts agree that it’s a necessary practice to counter modern APT attacks," they state. "What they do not completely agree on is what threat hunting actually is—which practices it comprises. And so they agreed to use the book How to Hunt for Security Threats, which says that threat hunting is an analyst-centric process that enables organizations to uncover hidden advanced threats missed by automated preventive and detection controls."
In their blog, Bricata cites Tim Crothers, who they say is "among the most prominent experts on the concept of threat hunting."
According to the post, Crothers said that the essence of threat hunting is to find unknown malicious activity, not just react to it. They paraphrase Crothers' description of threat hunting: "We can’t forgo the fundamentals, but a good threat hunting program is one of the ways to get ahead of the reactive cycle of firefighting."
As Bricata aptly summarizes: "Most organizations have some sort of static detection in use. Often this is a combination of signature detection and rules-based detection tools aimed at detecting activity known to be malicious. While these are necessary and catch much of the basic malware, sophisticated threat actors are aware of these measures—they understand how these tools work and are good at evading them. As such, hunting becomes a method to find an activity that isn’t being detected."
To learn more about threat hunting, be sure to visit us at InfoSec World 2019 in Orlando, Florida this April!