The report was based on the published vulnerability disclosures for various commercial off-the-shelf and open-source software. The web application vulnerabilities, for example, were in Adobe, SAP, Microsoft, Mozilla, Sun, Apache, and Oracle products.
Not securing your web applications is like locking all the doors to your house and leaving the key under a see-through mat, Mandeep Khera, chief marketing officer at Cenzic, which specializes in web application security, told SCMagazineUS.com.
“Hackers are picking up the key and walking right in,” he said. "Most of the web applications out there are vulnerable and that's why the attacks are happening."
Of the popular browsers, Internet Explorer had the highest percentage of vulnerabilities, with 43 percent. Firefox was second with 29 percent of total web browser vulnerabilities, followed by Safari with 10 percent and Opera with eight percent.
Sergey Gordeychik, a contributor for the international standards group Web Application Security Consortium (WASC), told SCMagazineUS.com in an email Tuesday that there has been steady growth of web application security problems and agreed that most web applications are vulnerable.
“The number of detected vulnerabilities and web attacks is growing too,” Gordeychik said.
He said security requirements often are not considered in the system design of web applications, making it hard to eliminate vulnerabilities. And attackers can easily detect these bugs, using tools such as automated scanners.
Web application security came into greater focus last year when the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Security Standards Council added a new provision, mandating the use of either an in-depth application code review or a web application firewall.
Educational resources for securing web applications are available, including the Open Web Application Security Project and the SANS Institute.